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Attention Motorized Users!

With the major influx of 4×4 and recreation users, the 4×4 community is facing some difficult issues. From teaching others about outdoor etiquette and removing tones of trash. To engaging these users in policies that threaten motorized access, we must step up our game to maintain positive public perception and persevere motorized access for future generations.

Motorized access comes at a cost. Not only do we need to stay on the trail, pack out trash, and maintain our roads. But we also need to understand that motorized access is constantly threatened. In the past 3 years alone, Arizona has faced over 13,000 miles of backroads threatened by closure. Locally, a small group of individuals was able to stop nearly all road closures. But we barely made it by the skin of our teeth.

It is now more important than ever that industry leaders and content creators provide the leadership that used to guide motorized users. As leaders in the 4×4 world, it is our responsibility to teach newcomers the ropes.

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Trail tool kit | Whats in your box?

Trail tool kit | Do you have what you need?

What tools do you carry to repair your 4x4 on the trail?

Many folks don't see tools as an important part of the survival pack. Having quality tools and knowledge to perform basic auto repairs could save your day and save you 100s of dollars.

Tools and basic knowledge of simple automotive repairs and diagnostics can save you ass on the trail. It's always a good idea to acquire these skills if you plan to spend time down any backroad. You never know when any equipment is going to fail and leave you stranded.

Not many of us are concerned about repairs or failures on the trail. Modern technology keeps us connected wherever we are. Personal locating beacons and the widespread use of radio communication can ensure help arrives when you need it. I would ultimately suggest that you never travel alone, but who am I to talk? I do it all the time.

The tools you need to carry and the skill you should acquire will depend on the type of vehicle you drive. Many modern vehicles use metric sizes, Torx screws, triple square bolts, and sometimes tamper-proof hardware and rivets. Knowing if your vehicle uses this type of hardware will help you understand what you need.

U joint repair

Common failures

When building your tool kit, it's important to consider parts that might fail under harsh conditions. Wheel bearings, ball joints, axles, tie rods, and even electrical components like the fuel pump. The suspension, drive train, and fuel systems will likely take the most abuse in any offroad condition. Therefore, having special tools like hub socket, balljoint press, and a simple set of Torx drivers will save your day.

Each vehicle has its own problems, but the most common parts that fail are axles, lockers, tires, relays, hoses, fuses, and the tools themselves. You want to be sure you have the correct tools and spare parts to perform the most common failures. Likewise, you should carry quality tools that won't fail during repairs.

My tool kit for trail repairs.  

A basic set of hand tools 

A basic set of hand tools will go a long way on the trail. In addition to a set of sockets, wrenches, and screwdrivers, I carry a 3-foot breaker bar to help bust bolts lose and a torque wrench in case it's needed. Many folks go as far as carrying an electric impact to make trail repairs easy, but it's definitely not necessary. 

I've learned that I only need to carry what's necessary to perform repairs on my vehicle. I've been through almost every nut and bolt of this Jeep, and my box consists of all the tools I need to replace an axle if I need to. I carry an assortment of common sized sockets and wrenches that are found throughout the entire vehicle. Anything that's not needed stays home to save space and weight. 

Pocket OBD2 scanner and electrical diagnostic tools

I carry a small pocket scanner that I picked up online for around $20. It's nothing special, but it can perform two basic tasks that are needed to diagnose most failures. This thing is small enough to fit in the center counsel, and it reads live data from the engine. Besides pulling codes, I can monitor the o2 censors, oil pressure, trans temp, and pull freeze frame data to help understand any type of failure. Likewise, I carry a multimeter and an incandescent test light to help aid diagnostic procedures.

I also carry a small assortment of electrical repair consumables like butt connectors, a small butane soldering iron, shrink wrap, a roll of wire, fusible links, blade fuses, and a spare relay in case any electrical repairs are needed. I think I even have a spare battery terminal. 

Factory repair manual with diagnostic flow charts.

This is likely the best resource you could have when facing any type of automotive failure. Diagnostic procedures can be performed by any mechanically-inclined individual by following a diagnostic flowchart. Flowcharts will give you step by step direction on how to diagnose automotive failures.

Each Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) has a diagnostic flowchart that can be performed using an OBD2 scan tool, multimeter, and a test light. By following a flowchart, you can pinpoint the exact cause of an electrical failure in most cases. Diagnostic flow charts are available in factory repair manuals and through subscription services such as AllData DIY.

Not so easy for a rookie

Admittedly, not everyone is knowledgeable in automotive repair and diagnostic. There are many tricks of the trade that should be followed while diagnosing electrical issues. It's important to take the time and learn about your vehicle and how things operate. Learn how to safely back probe connectors using T pins. Never probe the connector terminals, never pierce wires, and always disconnect the battery before pulling wire connectors. 

With some sensitive electrical equipment, it's good practice to use a ground strap around your wrist, connected to the vehicle, to prevent static electricity discharge that will damage electrical components. However, it's improbable this will ever apply to a trail repair or offroad vehicle.

Some clubs host wrenching parties where members get together, eat food, enjoy each other's company, and fix each other's rigs. Wrenching parties are a great way to learn basic repairs and get help from your fellow offroaders.  

There is no shame in not knowing these things, but there are many reasons to learn. It's never too late to pick up a book, attend a training course, or ask questions within the community. You might need these skills one day. 

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About Us

Engaging Our Community

AZBCE is dedicated to keeping our community informed. We have successfully engaged our community in policy-making decisions that threaten motorized access in Arizona. We take pride in helping shape land-use proposals on Bureau of Land Management and the USDA Forest Service lands.

Going Against The Grain

When nobody else is talking about it, AZBCE is. We believe it's important our community engage in policy decisions that threaten motorized access to our public lands. We publish material through various online and print publications to create awareness about the radical environmental policy facing outdoor recreation.

Our Goals


Promote adventure and establish our backroads as an economic source for rural Arizona communities.


Engage our community in policy making decisions that threaten rural Arizona.


Unit the agriculture, mining and outdoor recreation communities to shape state and federal policy.


Empower our community and provide the tools to effectively stand guard for traditional Arizona.

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We believe in the western way of life and the founding principles of this great place we call home. We are advocates of limited government, states rights, the US Constitution, and opponents of radical policies that threaten our way of life.

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Using GIS data and advanced mapping software, we plan and take on the most memorable adventures across the western United States. Our fans can download our GPS tracks and follow our routes using existing roads and the most challenging trails that connect small towns across the state.

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